Folk Play Links - Folk Plays in Literary Works

Compiled by C. Little



Folk play performances and their preparations have been incorporated into literary works, either as incidental events (as in Hughes' Tom Brown's School Days), or as part of the plot (as in Yonge's The Christmas Mummers).

Publications listed may be cited as well as full text.


Aidan, Pamela

001 * Duty and Desire [extract from 2004, Chapter 7]

Ainsworth, William Harrison

002 * Mervyn Clitheroe [1858, pp.53-54, 40; plate - Fool Plough at Marston in Cheshire]
003 * The Lancashire Witches [1849, Vol.III pp.301-302 - "The Plough and Sword Dance;"]

Akenson, Don

004 * At Face Value: The Life and Times of Eliza McCormack/John White [Subscription required for Questia]

Anon]

005 * A Christmas Recognition [in Catholic World, Vol.XVI No.94, Jan. 1873, p.452 - "mummers"]
006 * Ashley Priors; [by [Author of Fontnell St Chad], 1874, p.234]
007 * Christmas Firesides [in Bristol Mercury, No.2280, 28th Dec. 1933 - Subscription required for Gale: 19th Century British Library Newspapers]
008 * Claude de Vesci" [in Teesdale Mercury, No.0605, 7th Jun. 1865, p.4de - extract from Claude de Vesci;, by [Anon], 1856, Vol.I]
009 * Old Hooker's Ghost; or, Christmas Gambols at Huntingfield Hall [in Bentley's Miscellany, Vol.LVIII, 1865, p.639 - mummers]
010 * The Children of Blessing [1867, pp.364, 330 - sword-dancers in North Yorkshire]

Baring-Gould, Sabine

011 * Mehalah : A Story of the Salt Marshes [by [Anon][Rector of East Mersea], 1880, Chapter XV 'New Year's Eve' - mummers not in Mersea Island, Essex]
012 * Richard Cable : The Lightshipman [by [Anon], 1888, Vol.III pp.41-43 - mummers at St Kerian [St Clether ?], Cornwall]
013 * Richard Cable, the Lightshipman [by [Anon], in Littell's Living Age, 5th Ser. Vol.LX No.2263, 12th Nov. 1887, pp.354-355 - as Chambers's Journal of Popular Literature, Science, and Art, 5th Ser. Vol.IV No.196, 1st Oct. 1887, p.629]
014 * Through Flood and Flame [by [Anon][was Curate of Horbury], 1868, Vol.III p.8 - mummers (non-play); sword dancers; yule tup at Sowden [Horbury], West Yorkshire - [incidentally, he based the character of Annis Greenwell on Grace Taylor [his wife to be]]]

Barnes-Grundy, Mabel

015 * Gwenda [US edition] [1910, p.37 - paste-egging]

Barry, Michael Joseph]

016 * The Saint of the Long Robe : Being No.X of the Kishoge Papers [by [Anon], in Dublin University Magazine, Vol.XXXIX No.CCXXIX, Jan. 1852, p.22 - first two lines]

Beerbohm, Max

017 * A Christmas Garland [1912 - 'A Straight Talk (Preface to "Snt George. A Christmas Play")' - as in Saturday Review - parody of George Bernard Shaw]

Benchley, Robert C.

018 * Of All Things [1921, p.165 - 'A Romance in Encyclopedia Land' - guisards]

Bennet, William]

019 * Malpas; [by [Lee Gibbons [pseud]], 1822, Vol.I pp.206-207 - like so many morrice-men or paste-eggers]

Besant, Walter

020 * Dorothy Forster [1884, Vol.II pp.41-44 - 'Alexander and the Egyptian King']

Bethell, Hon Augusta

021 * Millicent and her Cousins [1870, pp.131, 56 - mummers in Sussex - unbearable]

Beverley, Jo

022 * A Mummer's Play [by Jo Beverley, in A Regency Christmas, by Mary Balogh, Jo Beverley & Sandra Heath, 1995 - Summary of a murder mystery novella where the investigator infiltrates the suspects house with a mummers' play.]

Blyton, Enid

023 * Enid Blyton Society [summary of her The Christmas Book, 1944]

Bond, Edward

024 * The Fool [Book for sale: in Plays: 3]
025 * The Traditional Mummers' Play in British Political Drama: Edward Bond's 'The Fool', 1975 / Vincent Woods' 'At the Black Pig's Dyke', 1992 [citation of Martin W. Walsh, at 38th International Congress on Medieval Studies, Kalamazoo, 8th-11th May 2003]
026 * The Traditional Mummers’ Play in British Political Drama: Edward Bond’s The Fool (1975) and Vincent Woods’ At the Black Pig’s Dyke (1992) [citation of Martin W. Walsh, in Medieval English Theatre, Vol.25, 2003, pp.177-186]

Bonham, E.

027 * How they spent Christmas Eve at St. Cadge [from her Christmas in Cornwall 60 Years Ago, 1898]

Bottrell, William

028 * The Smugglers of Penrose [from his Traditions and Hearthside Stories of West Cornwall : Second Series, 1873, p.216]
029 * The Smugglers of Penrose [from his Traditions and Hearthside Stories of West Cornwall : Second Series, 1873, p.216]

Braddon, Mary Elizabeth]

030 * Mohawks [by [Anon], n.d., Vol.III p.257]

Bright, Eva [Mrs Cameron Corlett Cannell]

031 * The Lost Title Deeds [in Western Mail [Perth], Vol.XXXVII No.1878, 22nd Dec. 1921, p.42cd - via Yonge?]

Brodie, Erasmus H.

032 * Euthanasia: [1866, p.65 - 'A Song of Christmas']

Brown, T.E.

033 * Christmas Rose [from The Collected Poems [? printing], 1909 - "or the way, The Whiteboys 1 is actin' a 2 Christmas day-"]

Byron, Lord

034 * Hints from Horace [from The Works of Lord Byron, 1831, Vol.V p.234]

Carey, Alfred E.

035 * Sir Waterloo : Fragments of the Autobiography of a Sussex Lad [1920, pp.220-221 [- fiction]]

Carey, Rosa Nouchette

036 * Mollie's Prince [10th edition] [189?, p.409]

Caselton, Charles

037 * Meanwhile Gardens [2010, Chapter 128 - Brief allusion to Mummers only]

Chaworth-Musters, Lavinia

038 * De la Survivance du Drame chez le bas peuple en Angleterre [by Mrs H.G.M. Murray-Aynsley, in Revue des Traditions Populaires, Vol.IV No.11, Nov. 1889, pp.599-612 - [Cropwell], Nottinghamshire Plough Monday text; ([unlocated], Lincolnshire Plough Monday text)]
039 * Nottinghamshire Folk Plays & Related Customs Bibliography [summary of her A Cavalier Stronghold: A Romance of the Vale of Belvoir, 1890, pp.272-277; 387-392 [- text as above]]
040 * Old English Customs Extant at the Present Time [by P.H. Ditchfield [Rector of Barkham], 1896, pp.(47-48 - [paraphrasing Plough Monday, by J.G. Frazer, in Folk-Lore Journal, Vol.V Pt.2, Apr? 1887, p.161]; 48 - [paraphrasing A History of Great Gransden in the County of Huntingdon, by [Arthur Jonathan Edmonds] Vicar of Great Gransden, 1892-1895, p.245 - "Plough Monday"];) 48-49, vii - paraphrasing A Cavalier Stronghold:, by Mrs Chaworth Musters, 1890; (49 - [paraphrasing The Book of Days, ed. by R. Chambers, Vol.I, 1863, p.95 - in Lincolnshire])]

Chesterton, G.K.

041 * A Miscellany of Men [19?? - 'The Mummer' - as Daily News - at Beaconsfield, 1911]
042 * Bibliography for Beginners, by Dale Ahlquist [Includes summary of Chesterton's "Mummers' Play", The Turkey and the Turk - as in G.K.'s Weekly, Vol.II No.38, 5th Dec. 1925, pp.292-295]
043 * Strange Britain [Photo of Beaconsfield Mummers, about 1950. Beaconsfield text, allegedly composed by G.K. Chesterton]

Close, J.

044 * The Book of the Chronicles: or, Winter Evening Tales of Westmorland [1842, Vol.I p.128 - sword dance]

Colum, Padraic

045 * The King of Ireland's Son [n.d., chap.XIII - mummers perform 'The Unicorn from the Stars' play on Saint Stephen's Day]

Copper, Bob

046 * Sussex Ancestors

Cox, Morris

047 * A Dialogue for National Folk Week [in Format, No.3, May. 1967, pp.13-17, cover - [National Folk Week was organised by the English Folk Dance and Song Society]]
048 * Mummers' Fool [1965]

Craik, Dinah]

049 * A Brave Lady [by [Anon], 1870, Vol.III p.52 - guisards]
050 * A Life for a Life [by [Anon], 1859, Vol.II p.145 - guizers]

Croker, Thomas Crofton

051 * Recollections of Old Christmas: [extract from 1850 - Preface]

Crommelin, May

052 * Bay Ronald [1893, Vol.II pp.82-86 - after Thomas Hardy?!]

Cunningham, John

053 * Poems, Chiefly Pastoral [1766, pp.171-172 - 'A Prologue, For some Country Lads, performing the Devil of a Wife in the Christmas Holidays' - Subscription required for Gale: Eighteenth Century Collections Online]

Cupples, George

054 * Kyloe-Jock and the Weird of Wanton Walls [in Macmillan's Magazine, Vol.II No.11, Sep. 1860, p.381 - "guisards"]

Doudney, Sarah

055 * Nelly Channell [US edition] [n.d., p.38 - mummers at Huntsdean [Lovedean ? - where she lived]; p.22 - "a Hampshire village"]

Douglas, Sir George

056 * The Fireside Tragedy : A Play [1887, pp.89-95 - Guizards]

Dowson, F.W.

057 * T'Pleeaf-Stots [index to, in Transactions of the Yorkshire Dialect Society, Vol.V Pt.XXXVII, p.45]

Ewing, Juliana Horatia

A successful Victorian children's author, her story The Peace Egg was first published in her mother's Aunt Judy's Magazine. It is centred round the performance of a Christmas play - the title being taken from one of the chapbook texts that were current at the time. Later A Christmas Mumming Play itself was published, a script that she had compiled from five different versions, with a lengthy introduction. The story and the play were published together in later book editions of her works. The script is available in our Scripts.

058 * Juliana Horatia Ewing and Her Books [by Horatia K.F. Gatty [her sister], 1885 - describes her publication of The Peace Egg and her compiled script - as in Aunt Judy's Annual Volume, New Ser. Vol.IV [No.X], [Aug.] 1885, pp.577-578]
059 * Aunt Judy's Correspondence [by J.H. E., in Aunt Judy's Christmas Volume, Vol.X No.LXIX, [Jan.] 1872, p.189 - chapbook alluded to is published by J. Johnson, Kirkgate, Leeds - Subscription required for Gale: 19th Century UK Periodicals]
060 * Letters to the Editor : The Pace-Eggers [by [Rev] H. Walford, in The Spectator, 20th Apr. 1889, p.542 - citation of Ewing]
061 * The Peace Egg [by J.H. E., in Aunt Judy's Annual Volume, New Ser. Vol.III [No.3], [Jan.] 1884, pp.155-173 - a christmas mumming play - Subscription required for Gale: 19th Century UK Periodicals]
062 * The Peace Egg and A Christmas Mumming Play [[1887] - her Christmas story & composite Christmas play, plus illustrations]
063 * The Peace Egg and Other Tales [18?? - her Christmas story & composite Christmas play]
064 * The Peace-Egg : A Christmas Tale [by J.H. Ewing, in Aunt Judy's Christmas Volume, Vol.X No.LXVIII, [Dec.] 1871, pp.98-117 - Subscription required for Gale: 19th Century UK Periodicals]

Farjeon, Eleanor

065 * Fifty New Poems for Children [US edition] [[1922?], pp.8, 61 - 'The Mummers' - extract from her Sonnets and Poems, 1918, pp.20-21]

Gillespie, Prof Thomas ?]

066 * Voyages and Travels of Columbus Secundus [in Blackwood's Edinburgh Magazine, Vol.X No.LIX, Dec. (Pt.II) 1821, p.692 - chap.XVIII - "guisards" or "guiserts" performing Alexander the Great or The Abbot of Unreason, at Edinburgh]

Gordon, Jaimy

067 * She Drove Without Stopping [by Keith Waldrop, in CONTEXT, No.7 - about the author]

Graham, P.Anderson

068 * The Red Scaur [US edition] [1897, p.11 - mummers or guizards]

Grahame, James

069 * British Georgics [1809, pp.234-235, 341-342 - guisarts]

Grahame, Kenneth

070 * Pagan Papers [1st edition only - extracted for The Golden Age, 1895] [1894, 'The Golden Age', pp.158-165 - 'Snowbound' - as in National Observer, New Ser. Vol.X No.253, 23rd Sep. 1893, pp.486-487]
071 * The Golden Age [18??, Chapter 'Snowbound' - mummers]

Grant, James

072 * The Scottish Cavalier [1852, Part II pp.284-285 - "guisards"]

Green, John

073 * Tales and Ballads of Wearside [4th edition] [1885, pp.98-99, 40 - 'Balmston; or, No Greater Love' - guisers, or sword-dancers]

Gresley, Rev W.

074 * Church-Clavering; or, The Schoolmaster [1843, pp.139-140]

H., J.

075 * Reuben Remplace [in The Olio;, Vol.VII No.XVI, 23rd Apr. 1831, p.243 [sic] - Christmas plays & "Guise Dancing"]
076 * Tales of Chivalry; [n.d., p.283 - 'Reuben Remplace' - as above]

Hall, Anna Maria

077 * Grandmamma's Pockets [by Mrs S.C. Hall, 1849, pp.100-104, 23]

Hall, Robert Lee

078 * Benjamin Franklin and a Case of Christmas Murder [Book for sale: 2001]

Harcourt, Dora [pseud ?]

079 * A Peep at Country Cousins, and How it Ended - Letter V [in Illustrated Magazine of Art:, Vol.II, 1853, p.314 - via Hone]

Hardy, Thomas

Return of the Native (1878) is probably the most famous example of a folk play being incorporated into an English novel. This appears in Book 2, Chapters 4 to 6, with the main performance taking place in Chapter 5. Hardy subsequently published a separate, somewhat embellished, Dorset text of The Play of St. George (1928).

080 * Barron's Booknotes: Return of the Native
081 * Book Rags Book Notes: Return of the Native
082 * Dorset County Museum photo [Photo of Hardy Players, 1920]
083 * Hardy Players [List with 1923 performance(s)]
084 * Hardy's Egdon Heath Project: Launch Day [2001 performance and pictures of mummers' play from Raymond Sargent]
085 * Hardy's Mummers [by Robert Squillace, in Nineteenth-Century Literature, Vol.41 No.2, Sep. 1986, pp.172-189 - Subscription required for JSTOR]
086 * If there is any difference, Grandfer is younger" by Arthur Hopkins's for Hardy's The Return of the Native [Illustration for the Monthly Serialisation showing Mummers at rest.]
087 * Jenkyn, Little John, &c [by [Rev] John Pickford, in Notes and Queries, 10th Ser. Vol.V No.115, 10th Mar. 1906, p.195 - citation of Return of the Native, by Thomas Hardy, 1878]
088 * Plough Monday Mummeries [by [Rev] John Pickford, in Notes and Queries, 9th Ser. Vol.VII No.181, 15th Jun. 1901, p.477 - citation of (The Book of Days, ed. by R. Chambers, Vol.I, 18??, pp.84-86;) Return of the Native, by Thomas Hardy, 1878]
089 * Real Conversations [by William Archer, 1904, pp.34-36 - as in Pall Mall Magazine]
090 * Real Conversations [by William Archer, in Pall Mall Magazine - transcript of Feb. 1901 interview with Thomas Hardy - [Higher Bockhampton] fragment]
091 * Return of the Native [Anniversary edition] [extract from 1920, p.154 - Photo of "Blooms-End"]
092 * The Christmas Boys' [by [Rev] John Pickford, in Notes and Queries, 10th Ser. Vol.VII No.161, 26th Jan. 1907, p.75 - citation of Return of the Native, by Thomas Hardy, 1878]
093 * The Dynasts [1903, 'Preface' - "… taking the shape delivery of speeches, with dreamy conventional gestures, something in the manner traditionally maintained by the old Christmas mummers,"]
094 * The Return of The Native [? edition] [1895]
095 * Thomas Hardy’s Library at Max Gate: Catalogue of an Attempted Reconstruction, by Michael Millgate [King George and the Turkish Knight Old Sussex Play, coll. by Isobel Horn, 1921]
096 * What did the Egdon Mummers Sing [citation of Peter Robson, in The Hardy Review, Vol.III, 2002, pp.85-88]
097 * Why All the Drama?: The Significance of Mumming in Hardy's "The Return of the Native" [citation of Randy Jasmine, at American Folklore Society Annual Meeting, Memphis, Tennessee, 20th-24th Oct. 1999]

Heaney, Seamus

098 * The Last Mummer

Hewitt, John

099 * The Mummers [by John McCullagh, in Newry Journal, 18th Jun. 2004 - extract from The Christmas Rhymers, Ballynure, 1941: an old woman remembers]

Hughes, Thomas

100 * The Ashen Faggot [in Macmillan's Magazine, Vol.V No.27, Jan. 1862, p.247 - fragment]
101 * Tom Brown's School Days [? edition] [1857, Chapter I - mummers [at Uffington]]

Infinitepryde [pseud]

102 * Repeat Performance [internet only]

J., M.

103 * Two Christmas Eves [as in Illustrated London News, [Christmas Supplement], 3rd Dec. 1888 - at St Ives]

Keddie, Henrietta]

104 * Logie Town [Canadian copyright edition] [by Sarah Tytler [pseud], 1888, p.359 - "guisards"]
105 * Phemie Millar [by [Anon], 1854, Vol.III p.191 - Guisards]
106 * The Nut-Brown Maids: [by [Anon], 1859, p.353 - Plough Monday]

Kemp, Audrey

107 * The Orpheus Books [Chapter 13]

Kemp, Matthew Stanley

108 * Ande Trembath : A Tale of Old Cornwall England [1905, pp.98-112, Ch.XII - 'Christmas and Christmas Play']

Kingsley, Charles

109 * Westward Ho! [1855, Vol.II p.1 - mummer's plays]

Kingston, William Henry Giles

110 * Christmas at a Country House [in Kingston's Magazine for Boys, Vol.II [No.?], [?.] 1861, pp.27-29 - Atherstone fragment [- as below but fact?]]
111 * Foxholme Hall; [1867, pp.11-15 [- as above but fiction]]

Lamprey, Louise

112 * Masters of the Guild [1920, Chapter XVI - a mummers performance]

Latto, W.D.]

113 * Tammas Bodkin: or the Humours of a Scottish Tailor [by [Anon], 1864, pp.118-127]

Lawrence, David Herbert

D.H. Lawrence's first published work was a short story - An Enjoyable Christmas: A Prelude - in which the performance of a Christmas Guysers' play and its preparations provide the background for the plot. It was published at his request under the name of his friend Jessie Chambers in the Nottinghamshire Guardian, No.3264, 7th Dec. 1907, p.17abcde. Guysers are also mentioned briefly in his novel The Rainbow (1915). Neither story gives much detail about the play itself, although they will have been drawn from the folk plays of his home town Eastwood, and neighbouring villages in Nottinghamshire. See Traditional Drama Forum, No.8, Sep. 2003 for the text of A Prelude and an article on Lawrence's references to Guysers.

114 * Dun Yer Want Guysers?" [in Haggs Farm Preservation Society Newsletter, No.12, Jun. 1993, pp.3-4 - paraphrasing A Prelude, by D.H. Lawrence; (citation of Selston : 1913, by R.W. Storer [Selston Branch of the Workers' Educational Association], 1983, pp.54-58 - Selston text)]
115 * The Rainbow [ch.5 - "The wake departed, and the guysers came. …"; ch.10 - "Gradually there gathered the feeling of expectation. …"]

Leighton, Alexander

116 * Wilson's Tales of the Borders and of Scotland; [Revised edition] [Vol.XVII, 1884 - 'Hogmanay; Or, the Lady of Ballochgray' - guysers]

Leroy, Amelie Claire]

117 * We that are Strong" [by Esme Stuart [pseud], in Sydney Mail, VoLLVII No.1770, 9th Jun. 1894, pp.1176cd-1177abc - via Yonge?]

Linskill, Mary

118 * Between the Heather and the Northern Sea [in Good Words, Vol.XXV [No.4 ?], [Apr. ?] 1884, p.221 - mummers]
119 * Between the Heather and the Northern Sea [1884, Vol.I, p.263 [- description of North Yorkshire Christmas customs edited out!]]

Lodge, David

120 * Small World : An Academic Romance [Paperback edition] [extract from 1985, p.36 (- paraphrasing From Ritual to Romance, by Jessie L. Weston, 1920, chap.VII)]

Lorimer, George C.

121 * Under the Evergreens; or, A Night with St Nicholas [1874, pp.124-125]

MacLeod, Charlotte]

122 * Mystery Readers International: Murder For Christmas?? by Patricia J. Fanning [summary of Murder Goes Mumming, by Alisa Craig [pseud], 1981]

Manning, Anne]

123 * One Trip More, And Other Stories [by [Anon], n.d., pp.144-147, 153-158 - 'The Lady of Linwood Manor']

Marcet, Jane]

124 * Bertha's Visit to her Uncle in England [New edition] [by [Anon], 1831, Vol.II pp.83-84 - "Mummers"]

Marchant, Ian

125 * Panchester Plough Play [unpublished interlude from his The Battle for Dole Acre, 2001]

McIntyre, Hazel

126 * To Raise the Dead [extract from her Iron Wheels on Rocky Lanes, 1993]

McKeever, Harriet B.

127 * Maude and Miriam; [1871, pp.66-67 - mummers]

McKeown, Jack

128 * Emigrant's Farewell

Melwood, Mary

129 * The Small Blue Hoping Stone [Book for sale: - incorporates Derby Tup play from Carlton-in-Lindrick, Nottinghamshire]

Metcalfe, John

130 * Bunderley Boggard and other plays [n.d., pp.(7 - 'Introduction', by F.W. Moorman - Christmas "peace eggers";) 29 - 'Bunderley Boggard']

Moore, Charlotte Trimmer ?]

131 * Country Houses [by [Anon], 1832, Vol.I pp.44-45]

Morgan, Lady [Sydney]

132 * The Princess; or The Beguine [1835, Vol.III p.247 - like "Divel-doubt" in the Christmas mummeries]

Nadger, Arthur B. [pseud ?]

133 * The Brampton Bugle [Spoof satirical pseudo-mediaeval prose composition against mummers from "Nadger's History of England"]

Oliphant, Margaret]

134 * Ailieford [by [Anon], 1853, Vol.I p.7 - guisards]
135 * John Arnold [by [Anon], 1862, Vol.II p.136; 147-160]

Oxenham, Elsie J. [pseud]

Elsie J. Dunkerley wrote a long series of books for girls called 'The Abbey Girls', based on the adventures of pupils at a girls' boarding school. Folk dancing was a recurrent theme in her plots, and Mummers were a peripheral feature of the 11th title - The Abbey Girls Go Back to School [1922] and a central feature of the 39th title - An Abbey Champion (1946).

136 * Abbey Girls of Australia [summary of her The Abbey Girls Go Back to School, [1922] and her An Abbey Champion, 1946]
137 * Elsie J. Oxenham Appreciation Society [extract from her An Abbey Champion, 1946, pp.110-112, 164-166, 168-173, 182-183]
138 * The Mummers [citation of Val Mackay, in The Abbey Chronicle, No.9, Sep. 1991, pp.7-9]

P., J.W.

139 * The Mummers [in The Graphic, Vol.40 No.1048, 28th Dec. 1889, p.798abc - Subscription required for Gale: 19th Century British Library Newspapers]

Peacock, Edward

140 * Ralf Skirlaugh [1870, Vol.III pp.226-244]

Peacock, Thomas Love

141 * Crotchet Castle [1887, Chapter XVIII - mummers]

Pease, Howard

142 * Tales of Northumbria [1899, p.88 - 'An Ammytoor Detective' - sword-dancers sing about Alexander the Great]

Pepys, [Lady] Charlotte Maria

143 * The Diary and Houres of the Ladye Adolie [1853, pp.158-159 [- fiction]]

Phillpotts, Eden

144 * The Three Brothers [1909, pp.69-78, ch.VIII & pp.100-112, ch.XI - the vicar revives the mummers [- his Dartmoor novels influenced by Thomas Hardy's Wessex novels]]

Porter, Anna Maria

145 * Roche-Blanche; [1822, Vol.I p.184]

Porter, Jane

146 * Sir Edward Seaward's Narrative of His Shipwreck, [1831, Vol.II pp.306-307 [- fiction]]

Proulx, E. Annie

147 * The Shipping News [Project about the novel]

Putney, Mary Jo

148 * A Holiday Fling [extract from her Christmas Revels - talking about staging a mummers' play]

Quiller-Couch, Arthur Thomas

149 * The Delectable Duchy [1906 - 'The Prince of Abyssinia's Post-Bag : II. The Great Fire on Freethy's Quay' - mummers, guise dancers and darkey-parties]

Rawnsley, [Rev] H.D.

150 * Poems, Ballads, and Bucolics [1890, pp.129, vi - 'Old Times' - "Plough-Jags" - [son of Rector of Halton Holegate, Lincolnshire i.e. "between Horncastle, Louth, and Boston"]]

Rawnsley, E.F.

151 * Months at the Lakes [by Rev H.D. Rawnsley [Vicar of Wray], 1906, (p.8 - "pasch eggers" at Grasmere;) 12-17 - paraphrasing Pace-Eggin' Time, by Miss [Eleanor Foster] Simpson [later his wife], 1906]

Raymond, Walter

152 * Fortune's Darling [1901, pp.196-198 - in Somerset - via Ewing?]

Reade, Charles

153 * Put Yourself in his Place [1870, Chapter XIII - Mummers performing a sword dance play]

Robinson, Ian

154 * Rupert and the Christmas Play [citation of him, in Rupert Annual, No.67, 2002, pp.81-93]

Rogers, Mike

155 * Coln Rogers [internet only] [Mummers' Play]

Rosenthal, Pam

156 * Almost a Gentleman [2003 - interview with the author]

Saffron [pseud]

157 * Curiosities, Grotesqueries, Follies & Strange Customs [Semi-truthful hoax article on English folklore, including a photo of "The ‘Ganderman’ of Linctus Peverell village in the Cotswolds"(in fact a picture of Heptonstall Pace-Eggers' Tosspot, with intro and song lifted from Round the Horne by "Rambling Syd Rumpo"), and a so-called Pace-Egging procession Burscough near Ormskirk]

Scott, Sir Walter

158 * Chronicles of the Canongate - 'The Surgeon's Daughter' [Waverley Novels, Magnum Opus edition, Vol.XXXXVIII] [1833, p.224fn - Galatian]
159 * Marmion; A Tale of Flodden Field [1808, p.303 - 'Introduction to Canto Sixth' - "Who lists may in their mumming see, Traces of ancient mystery; White shirts supplied the masquerade, And smutted cheeks the visors made; But, O! what maskers, richly dight, Can boast of bosoms half so light!"]

Seymour, Mrs William Wood

160 * Christmas Holidays at Cedar Grove [1858, p.48 - via Hone?]

Slaney, George Wilson

161 * Little Houses : A Tale of Past Years [US edition] [by George Woden [pseud][born at Wednesbury], 1919, pp.108, 2 - at Pedley Hill [Wednesbury ?]]

Slow, Edward

162 * The Fifth Series of Wiltshire Rhymes and Tales in the Wiltshire Dialect [[1894], pp.53-54 - 'Gramfer's Crismis']

Smith, Rev Frederick R. [Wesleyan Methodist Minister]

163 * Beckside Lights [continuing Clog Shop Chronicles] [by John Ackworth [pseud], 1897, pp.37, 76 - 'Leah's Lover' - a pace-eggin' at Beckside [Stoneclough ?] near Bolton; 134]

Stanton, Bill

164 * Moss [internet only] [Chapter 9 - "Derby Tuppin"]

Sterndale, Mary

165 * The Life of a Boy [by [Mary Sterndale], 1821, Vol.I pp.117-120 - mummers]

Sullivan, Bill

166 * Mummering in Christmas [Listed as "Mummering in Trinity" (Newfoundland) in the contents page]

Thorndike, Russell

167 * The Courageous Exploits of Doctor Syn [[1939], Chapter IX - covers a performance of the Dymchurch-under-the-Wall Mummers, Kent]

Vyvyan-Jones, Marc

168 * The Barefoot Book of Rhymes Around the Year [Book for sale: - includes a mumming play at Christmas-time]

Warner, Susan Bogert & Anna Bartlett Warner

169 * The Christmas Stocking [Helen Montgomery's Bookcase] [by [Elizabeth Wetherell & Amy Lothrop [pseuds]], 1854, pp.243-250]

Waugh, Edwin

170 * The Works] : Besom Ben Stories [ed. by George Milner, n.d., - 'The Old Blanket', chap.II - "Pace-Egging"]
171 * The Works] : The Chimney Corner [ed. by George Milner, n.d., p.75 - '"Send Tummus Up!"' - as in Manchester Critic, 1874 - a-pace-eggin']

Whitaker, Edward

172 * Parley Magna [1876, Vol.I p.6 - Christmas-boys or mummers]

Wood, William MacDonald

173 * Modern Scottish Poets with Critical and Biographical Notices : Sixth Series [by [D.H. Edwards], 1883, p.112 - 'Old and New' - "Wi' solemn words in daft array, Like guisers on the street;"]

Woods, Vincent

174 * At the Black Pig's Dyke [Book for sale: in ]
175 * The Traditional Mummers' Play in British Political Drama: Edward Bond's 'The Fool', 1975 / Vincent Woods' 'At the Black Pig's Dyke', 1992 [citation of Martin W. Walsh, at 38th International Congress on Medieval Studies, Kalamazoo, 8th-11th May 2003]
176 * The Traditional Mummers’ Play in British Political Drama: Edward Bond’s The Fool (1975) and Vincent Woods’ At the Black Pig’s Dyke (1992) [citation of Martin W. Walsh, in Medieval English Theatre, Vol.25, 2003, pp.177-186]

Yonge, Charlotte Mary

A popular Victorian children's author, her story The Christmas Mummers was first published in her Magazine for the Young, Vol.XVI No.5, May 1857, pp.159-168 - Vol.XVII No.3, Mar. 1858, pp.73-84. It has the performance of a Mummers' play as its central theme. See Traditional Drama Forum, No.3, Oct. 2001 for an article suggesting a Doctor's name derives from the character in Yonge's novel.

177 * John Keble's Parishes [1898 - [Otterbourne ?] text]
178 * Review of "The Christmas Mummers" [by [Anon][Jane Williams], in Athenaeum, No.1593, 8th May 1858, p.593]
179 * Soaps Suds Again [in Newsletter & Review of the Charlotte M Yonge Fellowship, No.8, Winter 1998/99, p.8 - extract from her Monthly Packet of Evening Readings for Members of the English Church, Ser.3 Vol.VII Pt.XXXVII, Jan. 1884, p 60 - "Boxing Day began damp and weary. Mummers stood outside the gin-shops and crowds round them drinking."]
180 * The Carbonels [[] - wall-paper "that he used to make caps for the Christmas-boys"]
181 * The Christmas Mummers [by [Anon], 1858, pp.79-102 - text]

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