Folk Play Links - Pace Eggers, Pace Egging; Peace Eggers, Peace Egging, etc.

Compiled by C. Little



Some non-play customs and their practitioners have the same names as the plays and their actors. e.g. Cakers, Guisers, Mummers, Pace Eggers, Morris Dancers, Plough Bullocks, Soulers, Sword Dancers etc. This can be confusing.

Publications listed may be cited as well as full text.


Cheshire

001 * A Glossary of Words used in the County of Cheshire [by Robert Holland, 1885-86, p.250 - entry for 'Pace Egg' - Wilmslow song; extract from Ballads & Legends of Cheshire, by Leigh; 250 - entry for 'Pace-Eggers'; 250 - entry for 'Pace-Egging']
002 * Ballads & Legends of Cheshire [by Egerton Leigh, 1867, pp.25, xv - 'Easter Song' - [Leasowe Castle, Leasowe ?] "Pace Egging" song in Wirral Peninsula - informed by Gen Hon Sir E. Cust [1st Baronet to be]]
003 * Easter Egg Customs in Wirral [by William Fergusson Irvine, in Wirral Notes and Queries, Vol.II, 1894, p.32 - after revision and correction, as Birkenhead News, 13th May 1893 - extract from Memories; or, The Chronicles of Birkenhead, by Hilda Gamlin, 1892, p.35]
004 * Gleanings from the history of Styal [by T. Tonge, [1883], p.9 - pace-egging; (soul-caking) - unfortunately, untold because he didn't have time - [incidentally, he emigrated to Colorado]]
005 * Memoirs of Seventy Years of an Eventful Life, [by Charles Hulbert, 1852, p.(42 - Northen Etchells "Acting" fragment, between 1783 and 1786;) 74-75 - pace egging at Halton, between 1787 and 1790; (107-108, 105 - as Museum of the World, by Charles Hulbert, Pt.IV : Museum Europaeum, 1825, p.384 - "Peace Egging" at Swinton)]
006 * Memorials of Old Cheshire [eds. by Ven Edward Barber & Rev P.H. Ditchfield, 1910, pp.239-240 - 'Some Cheshire Customs Customs, Proverbs, and Folk-Lore', by Joseph C. Bridge - at Thurstaston [in Wirral Peninsula]]
007 * On Ancient Customs of Cheshire [by Llewellynn Jewitt, in Journal of the British Archaeological Association, Vol.V, 1850, p.254 - pasch eggs - paraphrasing]
008 * Pace Egging in Wirral [by A Septuagenarian [Anon], in Wirral Notes and Queries, Vol.II, 1894, p.25 - after revision and correction, as Birkenhead News, 15th Apr. 1893 - Greasby song]
009 * Paste Eggs [by T. A., in The Every-Day Book;, Vol.II, 1827, col.0450 - [unlocated] song]
010 * Query [by F. S. [F. Sanders][Vicar of Hoylake], in Wirral Notes and Queries, Vol.II, 1894, p.22 - after revision and correction, as Birkenhead News, 1st Apr. 1893 - extract from Ballads & Legends of Cheshire, by Egerton Leigh, 1867, pp.25, xv - still extant?]
011 * The "Bonks" in Birkenhead Park [by H. Gamlin, in Wirral Notes and Queries, Vol.II, 1894, p.34 - after revision and correction, as Birkenhead News, 20th May 1893]
012 * The Parish of Thurstaston [in Wirral Peninsula] [by F.C. Beazley, in Transactions of the Historic Society of Lancashire and Cheshire, Vol.LXXV (New Ser. Vol.XXXIX), Year 1923, pp.170-171 - extract from Cheshire Sheaf,, 3rd Ser. Vol.III, p.76 - "paste egging" at Thurstaston, towards the end of the last century - [incidentally, see offprint for 'Appendix' with May day custom]]

Cumberland

013 * Ancient Customs and Superstitions in Cumberland [citation of A. Craig Gibson, in Transactions of the Historic Society of Lancashire and Cheshire, Vol.X, Session 1857-58, pp.(103;) 104-105]
014 * Ancient Customs and Superstitions in Cumberland [by A. Craig Gibson, in Transactions of the Historic Society of Lancashire and Cheshire, Vol.X, Session 1857-58, pp.(103;) 104-105]
015 * Literary Associations of the English Lakes [2nd edition only] [by Rev H.D. Rawnsley [Vicar of Crosthwaite], 1901, p.93fn Vol.I]
016 * Old Customs and Usages of the Lake District [by John Richardson, in Transactions of the Cumberland Association for the Advancement of Literature and Science, Pt.II, 1876-77, p.118 - Pace Egging]

Ireland

017 * Banks of the Boro: A Chronicle of the County of Wexford [by Patrick Kennedy, 1867, pp.226-232 - as his article]
018 * Hibernian Country Pastimes and Festivals Fifty Years Since [by [Patrick Kennedy], in Dublin University Magazine, Vol.LXII No.CCCLXXI, Nov. 1863, p.587 - "Tobies" in eastern Wexford]

Lancashire

019 * A Child's Eye View of Bye Road and Shuttleworth in the 1930s [by Freda Molyneux, in Ramsbottom Heritage Society News Magazine, No.19, Spring 2000 [sic], p.5 - citation of Bury Archives [Ref..RHS/12/3/1/3] - song]
020 * A History of the Ancient Chapel of Stretford in Manchester Parish [by H.T. Crofton [brother of Rev Addison Crofton], Vol.III 1903, p.22 - 'Customs' - extract from article, in Manchester Guardian, 7th Apr. 1849, p.9 - Pace-egging]
021 * A Nook of North Lancashire [Goosnargh & Whittingham; Chipping & Thornley-with-Wheatley; Bowland-with-Leagram] [by Edward Kirk [born at Goosnargh], in Papers of the Manchester Literary Club, Vol.II, 1876, p.114 - pace-egging - see below]
022 * A Rough Summary: 2: Play and Work [by Fred A. Hanson, in Ramsbottom Heritage Society News Magazine, No.18, Spring 1999, p.3 - Ramsbottom song heard at Holcombe too, after 1928]
023 * Annals of Hyde and District [by Thomas Middleton, 1899, p.167 - soliciting "pace eggs" or "peace eggs"]
024 * Beg Your Leave [sung by Steeleye Span [- extract from Lancashire Pace-Egging Songs, coll. by Annie G. Gilchrist, in Journal of the Folk-Song Society, No.9 [Vol.II No.4], [Dec.] 1906, pp.231-232]]
025 * Caterpillars in Belgium [by Edwin Birchall, in The Entomologist, Vol.VI No.102, Apr. 1872 p.62 - like "peace-egging"]
026 * Early Days [by Samuel Bamford, 1849, p.138 - children "a peace-egging" on Good Friday & young men "peace-egging" on Easter Monday at Middleton]
027 * English County Songs [extract from Broadwood & Maitland, 1893, pp.24-25 - 'Peace-Egging Song, No.2' - at Heysham - informed by Margaret Royds [daughter of Rector of Heysham]]
028 * English County Songs [extract from Broadwood & Maitland, 1893, pp.22-23 - 'Peace-Egging Song, No.1' - at Heysham - informed by Margaret Royds [daughter of Rector of Heysham]]
029 * Folklore Songs and Ring Games [by Rev Addison Crofton [V of St Elisabeth's, Reddish Green], in Transactions of the Lancashire and Cheshire Antiquarian Society, Vol.III, 1885, p.266 - Title of 14th Nov. 1885 talk and School performance at Reddish Green; possesses [J. Harkness] chapbook [- see also Roomer, Vol.1 No.1, Sep. 1980, p.4 - 11th Apr. 1885 performance at [Reddish Green]; citation of J. Harkness chapbook]]
030 * From candlelight to laser beams: the memories of a Leigh lass [by Marian Varley, n.d., Vol.III - Pace-egging, 1920s]
031 * Fylde Folk : Moss or Sand [contents of Kathleen Eyre, 1970, pp.13-14, 4, 8 - Bryning Jolly-Ladding song - informed by Ernest Butcher - his mother remembered!]
032 * Goosnargh: Past and Present [by Richard Cookson, 1888, pp.285-287 - 'Pace-Egging or Peace-Egging' - children; groups of young men; elders - [incidentally, Shrove Tuesday custom extant at Whitechapel]]
033 * History and Recollections of Tarleton [by Janet Dandy, 1985]
034 * History of the Parish of Chipping, [by Tom C. Smith, 1894, p.53 - pace eggers]
035 * Horneck and Jessamy [by P. P., in Notes and Queries, 4th Ser. Vol.IX No.225, 20th Apr. 1872, p.327 - "pace egger" sang it]
036 * In Those Days : Memories of Barrowford and Nelson in the 1920's and 1930's [by Albert Morris, 1998]
037 * Lancashire Folk-Lore: [comps. & eds. by John Harland & T.T. Wilkinson, 1867, pp.231 - pace or peace egging in east Lancashire; (235, 254 - note by [John Harland] - "Old Ball" at Swinton & Worsley; 235-236 - by [T.T. Wilkinson] - "Ball" at Blackburn & Burnley)]
038 * Lancashire Pace-Egging Songs [coll. by Annie G. Gilchrist, in Journal of the Folk-Song Society, No.9 [Vol.II No.4], [Dec.] 1906, pp.231-236 - Overton "jolly-boys" songs at Sunderland; (play superseded by them / note by C.J. S. [Cecil J. Sharp] / coll. by F. K. [Frank Kidson] - Kirkby Lonsdale "Pace-Egging" song; possesses Peace Egg chapbook?; "mumming" at Leeds / note by J.A. F.M. [J.A. Fuller-Maitland])]
039 * Life and Poems of Henry Anderton, of Walton-le-Dale [1868, pp.5 - "Peace-eggers"; 164-165 - 'A Peace-Egg Song'; 171-173 - 'A New Peace-Egg Song']
040 * Lifting Tuesday [by Arthur W. Fox, in Papers of the Manchester Literary Club : The Manchester Quarterly:, Vol.XXVIII : XXI, 1902, (pp.152 - Pace-egging at Barnton [Ashton-in-Makerfield ?] on Good Friday;) 152-153 - "Black Pace-eggers" on Thursday; 153 - small boys and girls on Good Friday]
041 * Looking Back [in Lancashire Evening Telegraph, 29th Mar. 1999 - Pace Egg Monday at Darwen]
042 * Looking Back [in Lancashire Evening Telegraph, 19th Apr. 1999 - Pace Egg Monday at Blackburn]
043 * Looking Back [in Lancashire Evening Telegraph, 24th Mar. 1997 - Pace Egging at Baxenden & Oswaldtwistle]
044 * Memoirs of Seventy Years of an Eventful Life, [by Charles Hulbert, 1852, p.(42 - Northen Etchells "Acting" fragment, between 1783 and 1786; 74-75 - pace egging at Halton, between 1787 and 1790;) 107-108, 105 - as Museum of the World, by Charles Hulbert, Pt.IV : Museum Europaeum, 1825, p.384 - "Peace Egging" at Swinton]
045 * Memorials of Old Lancashire, Vol.II [eds. by Lieut Col Fishwick & Rev P.H. Ditchfield, 1909, p.33 - 'Ormskirk Town and Church', by James Bromley - pace-egging]
046 * Mr Red's Mid West [pace egging at Church & Oswaldtwistle]
047 * Museum of the World [by Charles Hulbert, Pt.IV : Museum Europaeum, 1825, p.384 - 'Customs of Lancashire : Thirty Years Ago', by Editor [Charles Hulbert] - "Peace Egging" at [Swinton] - other customs extinct partly because of impoverishment due to Napoleonic Wars]
048 * My Wanderings. Being Travels in the East : [Vol.I][Stereotype edition] [by John Gadsby, 1855, p.90 - like "peace-egging" at Didsbury, when I resided there]
049 * Old and New Rochdale and its People [extract from William Robertson, [1881], p.29 - “Peace-egging”]
050 * Old Ballads [by Addison Crofton [V of St Elisabeth's, Reddish Green], in Advertiser Notes and Queries, Pt.IV Vol.[I], Nov.-Jan. 1881-82, p.181 - as Stockport Advertiser, 5th Nov. 1881 - rest of "Pace egging" song?]
051 * Old English Dances [by John Edward Price, in Notes and Queries, 4th Ser. Vol.VIII No.200, 28th Oct. 1871, pp.355-356 - Bouth "pace eggers" song]
052 * Paste Eggs [by Will Honeycomb [pseud], in The Every-Day Book;, Vol.II, 1827, cols.432-434 - "paste egging" at West Derby]
053 * Rural Amusements [by J. L., in Kaleidoscope, Vol.V No.255, 17th May 1825, pp.388-389 - paste-egging at Warrington; ("guisers" in High Peak)]
054 * Selections From Warp & Weft by Mary Thomason [by Leigh Local History Society, 1977, pp.(28-29, i;) 29-30, i - extract from below]
055 * Sparks fro' th' Hob-End : Peace-Egg Time [by Henry Yates [lived at Blackburn], in Blackburn Standard and Weekly Express, Vol.LV No.2980, 1st Apr. 1893, p.7a - Subscription required for Gale: 19th Century British Library Newspapers]
056 * Speeches and Addresses : Political, Social, Literary [by Thomas Newbigging, 1887, p.211 - like "one of our Lancashire pace-eggers in olden times."]
057 * The Country and Church of the Cheeryble Brothers [William & Daniel Grant] [by Rev W.Hume Elliot [[Presbyterian Minister] of Ramsbottom], 1893, pp.58-59, xiii - "Rushbearing" at Holcombe, about fifty years ago - "like pace-eggers" - informed by ?]
058 * The Flail and its Varieties [by T.M. Allison, in Archaeologia Aeliana, Ser.3 Vol.II, 1906, pp.121, 119 - 'Appendix' - Ormskirk song, sixty years ago]
059 * The Folk of a North Lancashire Nook [Goosnargh & Whittingham; Chipping & Thornley-with-Wheatley; Bowland-with-Leagram] [by Edward Kirk [born at Goosnargh], in Papers of the Manchester Literary Club, Vol.III, 1877, pp.107-108 - pace-egging children; toss-pot parties; "pace eggin" elders - [incidentally, Shrove Tuesday custom extant at Whitechapel]]
060 * The Memoirs of an Uncommon Man, by R.L. Drinkwater, 2000, Chapter 5 [2nd edition - internet only] [at Accrington - Archived]
061 * The Pictorial History of the County of Lancaster: [2nd printing of An Illustrated Itinerary of the County of Lancaster] [ed. by [Mr [Cyrus] Redding] by Dr [John Relly] Beard, 1844, pp.287-289; (297) - Pace Egging (and "playing the old ball" at Blackburn; ("jolly lads" at Poulton-le-Fylde)]
062 * Tom Wightman: When I were a Lad [by Joe Crompton, in Ramsbottom Heritage Society News Magazine, No.20, Autumn 2000, p.31 - Summerseat seen at Holcombe Brook & Greenmount too, 1920s]
063 * Traditions, Superstitions, and Folk-Lore, (Chiefly Lancashire and the North of England:) [by Charles Hardwick, 1872, p.73 - ("pace-egging" at Preston &) (non-play) at Walton-le-Dale]
064 * TSCD-666 - You Lazy Lot of Bone-Shakers [CD for sale: Audio of Emma Vickers of Burscough Pace Eggers, 1963]
065 * Up Queensway, by Cyril Rodgers [internet only] [at Rochdale]
066 * Warp and Weft : (Cuts from a Lancashire Loom) [by Mary Thomason, 1938, pp.(129-130, 30;) 130, 30 - 'Old Leigh : Its People and Customs' [- as Leigh of Yesterday : Its People and Customs, in Leigh Journal, 1925] - ('The Village Wakes' - Gee Bawl fragment;) 'Old Feast Days' - Pace-egging]

North Yorkshire

067 * Folklore from Yorkshire (North Riding) [by J.B. Partridge, in Folk-Lore, Vol.XXV No.III, Sep. 1914, pp.376-377 - (sword dancers in Swaledale;) "pace-egging" in Wensleydale]
068 * FTX-265 - The Lass of Richmond Hill : Songs & Customs of the Yorkshire Dales [CD for sale: by Peter Kennedy, 1975 - Track 12 - Audio of Preston-under-Scar song]
069 * Midsummer Flowers [US edition] [by Mary Howitt, 1854, p.102 - 'A Country Ramble in March' - in one of the Yorkshire Dales]
070 * Observations on the Popular Antiquities of Great Britain: [New edition, with further additions [by James Orchard Halliwell] only] [by John Brand, rev. by Sir Henry Ellis, 1849, Vol.I p.176 [- extract from Popular Rhymes and Nursery Tales:, by James Orchard Halliwell, 1849, pp.244-245]]
071 * Popular Rhymes and Nursery Tales: A sequel to the Nursery Rhymes of England [by James Orchard Halliwell, 1849, pp.244-245 - 'Pace-Egging']
072 * Survey of English Dialects (SED) Incidental Material [Refs. 6Y4; (6Y21; 6Y27; 6Y29; 6Y32)] [Pace Egging Songs at Egton; (Pace Egging Songs at Heptonstall; Christmas Mumming at Carleton; Mumming at Golcar; Plough Bullocks at Ecclesfield)]

Oxfordshire

073 * A Catalogue of the Lansdowne Manuscripts in the British Museum [by [Henry Ellis][Keeper of the Manuscripts], 1819, Pt.II p.85 - 'Ms. 231 [Bishop [White] Kennett Papers]' - ff.101-240 - manuscript for Remains of Gentilism and Judaism, by John Aubrey]
074 * Anecdotes and Traditions, Illustrative of Early English History and Literature, derived from Ms. Sources [ed. by William J. Thoms, 1839, pp.113-114, viii - as below]
075 * Remaines of Gentilisme and Judaisme [- as British Library Lansdowne Ms. 231] [by John Aubrey, ed. by James Britten, 1881, pp.161-162 - as below]
076 * Remarkable Days [by [John Millard][Extra Assistant at the British Museum Department of Manuscripts], in Time's Telescope, 1827, pp.99-100 - extract from British Library Lansdowne Ms. 231 f.206v - note by Bishop [White] Kennett [was Vicar of Ambrosden] - Bletchingdon [sic], Weston-on-the-Green & Charlton-on-Otmoor song]

Scotland

077 * Pace Egg Day [citation of G. Watson, in Transactions of the Dumfriesshire & Galloway Natural History and Antiquarian Society, Ser.III Vol.25, p.93]

West Yorkshire

078 * Survey of English Dialects (SED) Incidental Material [Refs. (6Y4;) 6Y21; (6Y27; 6Y29; 6Y32)] [Pace Egging Songs at Egton;) Pace Egging Songs at Heptonstall; (Christmas Mumming at Carleton; Mumming at Golcar; Plough Bullocks at Ecclesfield)]

Westmorland

079 * Christmas Carols [extract from ed. L.Edna Walter, 1922, - 'Pace-Egging Song' at Middleton - coll. by A.G. Gilchrist]
080 * Christmas Carols [US edition] [ed.by L.Edna Walter, [1922 ?], pp.54-55, 8 - 'Pace-Egging Song' at Middleton - coll. by A.G. Gilchrist]
081 * Cumberland & Westmorland, Ancient and Modern: [by J. Sullivan, 1857, pp.164-165 - 'Superstitions and Customs' - as Kendal Mercury - "pace-egging"; (169 - sword-dance in Cumberland, still remembered)]
082 * Lakeland Words : … with illustrative sentences in the North Westmorland Dialect [by B. Kirkby, 1898, pp.2 - entry for 'Agree' - song; 111 - entry for 'Pace-Eggen' - song; 148 - entry for 'Tosspot']
083 * Lancashire Pace-Egging Songs [coll. by Annie G. Gilchrist, in Journal of the Folk-Song Society, No.9 [Vol.II No.4], [Dec.] 1906, pp.231-236 - (Overton "jolly-boys" songs at Sunderland; play superseded by them / note by C.J. S. [Cecil J. Sharp] /) coll. by F. K. [Frank Kidson] - Kirkby Lonsdale "Pace-Egging" song; (possesses Peace Egg chapbook?; "mumming" at Leeds / note by J.A. F.M. [J.A. Fuller-Maitland])]
084 * Legends and Historical Notes on Places of North Westmoreland [by Thomas Gibson, [1887], p.56 - "pace egging" [- in fact, as his Legends and Historical Notes on Places in the East and West Wards, Westmorland, 1877, p.27]]
085 * The History and Topography of the Counties of Cumberland and Westmoreland [ed. by William Whellan, 1860, pp.(457 - 'Whitehaven' - "mumming", still kept up;) 835 - 'Levens Chapelry' - "peace-egging", still prevailing]

[General]

086 * Village Development [by An Old Vicar [Anon], 1854, p.58 - 'Playground and Park']

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