Folk Play Links - Soulers, Souling, etc

Compiled by C. Little



Some non-play customs and their practitioners have the same names as the plays and their actors. e.g. Cakers, Guisers, Mummers, Pace Eggers, Morris Dancers, Plough Bullocks, Soulers, Sword Dancers etc. This can be confusing.

Publications listed may be cited as well as full text.


Cheshire

001 * A Glossary of Words used in the County of Cheshire [by Robert Holland, 1885-86, pp.330 - entry for 'Soul-Cakers or Soulers'; 506-513 - 'Customs' - 'Souling or Soul-Caking']
002 * A History of Altrincham and Bowdon, [by Alfred Ingham, 1879, pp.142-143 - "souling"]
003 * A Sketch of the Parish of Prestbury [by [Rev] George Yarnold Osborne, 1840, p.50 - 'Local Customs and Superstitions' - (mock plays, not long ago;) souling, still - Subscription required for British Library 19th Century Collection]
004 * An Attempt at a Glossary of Some Words used in Cheshire [2nd edition, with considerable additions, only] [by Roger Wilbraham, 1826, pp.110-111 - 'Appendix' - entry for 'Souling']
005 * Cheshire Folk Lore [by [Frances M. Wilbraham ??][Fanny, daughter of Randle Wilbraham III], in Monthly Packet of Evening Readings for Younger Members of the English Church, Ser.1 Vol.XXIV Pt.CXLIV, Dec. 1862, pp 661-662 - [Rode Hall, Rode Heath ??] "souling" song]
006 * Cheshire Soulers and Souling [by W.T. Kenyon [Rector of Malpas], in Cheshire Sheaf,, Vol.II, 1883, pp.185-186 - after revision and correction, as Courant [Chester], 10th Nov. 1880 - Malpas song]
007 * Cheshire Soulers and Souling [by G. H. [George Hancock], in Cheshire Sheaf,, Vol.II, 1883, pp.194-195 - after revision and correction, as Courant [Chester], 24th Nov. 1880 - Mow Cop song]
008 * Cheshire Souling Song [Score for sale: by Thomas Pitfield, [195?] - Other Work - extract from his opera Tansy, 1956]
009 * Custom on All Souls' Day [by Ricardus Frederici, in Notes and Queries, 4th Ser. Vol.II No.50, 12th Dec. 1868, p.553 - [Mount Pleasant ? & Mow Cop ?] song]
010 * Dictionary of Customs [by Ricardus Frederici, in Notes and Queries, 3rd Ser. Vol.XII No.311, 14th Dec. 1867, p.479 - Mow Cop [parishes on and round] "souling" song; (Newbold Astbury, Odd Rode & Church Lawton [parishes] "guisers" song;) (Knotty Ash & West Derby song)]
011 * English County Songs [extract from Broadwood & Maitland, 1893 - at Tattenhall, 1891 - informed by Rev A.P. Holme [Rector of Tattenhall]]
012 * Folk-Lore : Old Customs and Tales of my Neighbours [by Fletcher Moss, 1898, pp.60-62 - 'Souling' - [complilation?]]
013 * From John O' Groats to Land's End [by John & Robert Naylor, 1916 - "Soulers" or "Soul-Cakers" at Grappenhall; (Grappenhall Mummers fragment)]
014 * Gleanings from the history of Styal [by T. Tonge, [1883], p.9 - (pace-egging;) soul-caking - unfortunately, untold because he didn't have time - [incidentally, he emigrated to Colorado]]
015 * Hallow E'en at Oswestry [by [Rev] John Pickford [born at Congleton], in Notes and Queries, 4th Ser. Vol.X No.260, 21st Dec. 1872, p.495 - "Souling" at Congleton, some thirty years since]
016 * Knutsford, its Traditions and History : [by Henry Green [Unitarian Minister of Knutsford], 1859, pp.(79-80 - at [Heathfield][School Close], Knutsford, a few years ago; citation of Barthomley, by Rev Edward Hinchliffe, 1856, pp.141-143; extract from The History of the County Palatine and City of Cheshire;, by George Ormerod, 1819, Vol.I p.lii;) 81-83 - souling at Knutsford]
017 * Lichfield [History of the Diocese] [by William Beresford [born at Bosley][Vicar of St Luke's, Leek], n.d., p.225fn - ("Old Hob"; acting "soulers";) soul-cake begging in East Cheshire (& Staffordshire)]
018 * Macklesfelde in ye Olden Time [Macclesfield] [by Isaac Finney, 1873, chap.XX - as Macclesfield Advertiser - "going a Souling", now almost obsolete]
019 * Malpas Town, Parish, and Church [citation of Rev W.T. Kenyon [Rector of Malpas], in Journal of the Chester Archaeological and Historic Society, New Ser. Vol.3, 1890]
020 * Memorials of Old Cheshire [eds. by Ven Edward Barber & Rev P.H. Ditchfield, 1910, pp.230-237 - 'Some Cheshire Customs Customs, Proverbs, and Folk-Lore', by Joseph C. Bridge]
021 * Mummers [by C.V. Goddard [Curate of St Oswald's, Chester], in Antiquarian Magazine & Bibliographer, Vol.III No.16, [Apr.] 1883, p.218 - Chester "Soleing" song; ("Mummers" at Upton)]
022 * Mummers and Souling [by J.L. Sweet, in Antiquarian Magazine & Bibliographer, Vol.IV No.19, [Jul.] 1883, pp.53-54 - extract from Macklesfelde in ye Olden Time [sic], by Isaac Finney]
023 * Notes on a Portion of the Northern Borders of Staffordshire : The Village of Bosley [by [Rev] William Beresford [born at Bosley], in Reliquary, Vol.IV No.-, Oct. 1863, p.116 - souling at Bosley; (at Bosley)]
024 * Observations on the Popular Antiquities of Great Britain: [New edition, with further additions, [by James Orchard Halliwell,] only] [by John Brand, rev. by Sir Henry Ellis, 1849, Vol.I pp.412-414 - 'St. Catharine's Day' - (extract from Folk-Lore : "Catherning" in Worcestershire, by W. L., in Athenaeum, No.992, 31st Oct. 1846, p.1117; [unlocated] Worcestershire song - informed by George Stephens [- extract from Popular Rhymes and Nursery Tales:, by James Orchard Halliwell, 1849, p.238]; extract from Folk-Lore : Worcestershire Folk-Lore - Catherning and Clementing, by Jabez Allies, in Athenaeum, No.1001, 2nd Jan. 1847, p.18;) [unlocated] Cheshire song]
025 * Old and Odd Memories [2nd impression] [by Lionel A. Tollemache [son of 1st Baron], 1908, pp.8-9, 61 - "Souling" at [Peckforton Castle, Peckforton]]
026 * On Ancient Customs of Cheshire [by Llewellynn Jewitt, in Journal of the British Archaeological Association, Vol.V, 1850, pp.252-253 - a-souling; (a-souling play; "Old Hob"; pasch eggs) - paraphrasing Ormerod]
027 * Soul Cakes [by A.J. M. [Arthur Joseph Munby], in Notes & Queries, 5th Ser. Vol.X No.257, 30th Nov. 1878, p.426 - souling at Chester; ("soul cakes" at Church Pulverbatch, before 1853) - informed of both by a lady [Georgina F. Jackson] - see also Shropshire Folk-Lore, pp.381-382]
028 * Soul-Caking" [by Wingeham [Arthur Hussey ?], in Notes and Queries, 8th Ser. Vol.IV No.81, 15th Jul. 1893, p.49 - at [unlocated], a few years ago]
029 * Souling [by [Rev] Lewis Evans [Head Master of Sandbach Free Grammar School], in Notes and Queries, [1st Ser.] Vol.IV No.113, 27th Dec. 1851, p.506 - at Sandbach]
030 * Souling Songs [citation of J.C. Bridge, in Journal of the Chester Archaeological and Historic Society, Vol.6 Pt.I, 1897, pp.74-75]
031 * Souling Songs [by J.C. Bridge, in Journal of the Chester Archaeological and Historic Society, Vol.6 Pt.I, 1897, pp.74-75]
032 * Stray Notes : Soul Cakes [by [Editor][J. Brownbill], in Transactions of the Historic Society of Lancashire and Cheshire, Vol.LXXI (New Ser. Vol.XXXV), Year 1919, p.92 - "sole cakes" at [Wardle Old? Hall], Wardle, circa 1493]
033 * Tattenhall : being a sketch of the village of that name near Chester from notes and writings by the late R.O. Orton [by D.M. O. [Orton][his daughter], [1908] - 'Amusements of the Folk of the old time' - citation of Marten ?? - "Souling", beginning of the nineteenth century]
034 * The Charge of Shooting against a Master of Foxhounds [in Aberdare Times: ..., No.664, 15th Nov. 1873, p.3ab - "souling" at Daleford]
035 * The Esssx House Song Book [The Guild of Handicraft] [ed. by Janet E. Ashbee [wife of C.R. Ashbee], 1903-1905, Pt.X : Miscellany of Song, pp.10-11 - 'The Souling Song' - as English County Songs]
036 * The Folk-Speech of South Cheshire [by Thomas Darlington, 1887, pp.361-362 - entry for 'Soul']
037 * The History of the County Palatine and City of Cheshire; [by George Ormerod [wife's father lived at Bradwall Hall [near The Home Farm], Bradwall], 1819, Vol.I pp.li-lii - (Sandbach text, 1817) - informed of both by John Edwards (& citation of copy owned by Francis Douce of Alexander and the king of Egypt;, 1788;) Sandbach "Soulers" song; (Old Hob)]
038 * Tipyn o Bob Peth [in Cambrian News : Merionethshire Standard, and Aberystwyth Times, Vol.XVI No.783, 12th Nov. 1875, p.7d - "souling" at Tarporley]
039 * Variations and Fugue on a Cheshire Souling Song [Score for hire: by Colin Hand, 1970 - Other Work]
040 * Village History Scrapbook [Cheshire Record Office] [by Upton Heath Women's Institute, 1951 - (at Upton Heath, in the mid nineteenth century;) Upton Heath "souling" songs]

Derbyshire

041 * Two Collections of Derbicisms [by Samuel Pegge [Rector of Whittington], eds. by Rev Prof Skeat & Thomas Hallam, 1896, 'Supplement from a Second Series' pp.92-93 - entry for 'Caking'; (103 - entry for 'Guisers'; 112 - entry for 'Mummers'; 115 - entry for 'Plough Monday')]

Herefordshire

042 * Festa Anglo-Romana : [by A True Son of the Church of England [Anon], 1678, p.109 - 'All Souls' - Papists' "Soul-Mass Cakes" couplet [- extract from Glossographia: [3rd edition only]] - Subscription required for Chadwyck-Healey: Early English Books Online]
043 * Glossographia: [3rd edition only] [by T. B. [Thomas Blount][recusant], 1670, p.600 - entry for 'Soul-mass-Cakes' - couplet in (Lancashire &) Herefordshire - Subscription required for Chadwyck-Healey: Early English Books Online]
044 * Herefordshire New-Year Customs [by T.H. Pattison, in Willis's Current Notes, Vol.VI No.LXI, Jan. 1856, p.1 - Bromyard song]

Lancashire

045 * Dictionary of Customs [by Ricardus Frederici, in Notes and Queries, 3rd Ser. Vol.XII No.311, 14th Dec. 1867, p.479 - (Mow Cop [parishes on and round] "souling" song;) (Newbold Astbury, Odd Rode & Church Lawton [parishes] "guisers" song;) Knotty Ash & West Derby song]
046 * Festa Anglo-Romana : [by A True Son of the Church of England [Anon], 1678, p.109 - 'All Souls' - Papists' "Soul-Mass Cakes" couplet [- extract from Glossographia: [3rd edition only]] - Subscription required for Chadwyck-Healey: Early English Books Online]
047 * Glossographia: [2nd edition [Reissue] only] [by T. B. [Thomas Blount][recusant], 1661, img.296 - entry for 'Soul-mass-Cakes' - couplet in Lancashire - Subscription required for Chadwyck-Healey: Early English Books Online]
048 * Glossographia: [3rd edition only] [by T. B. [Thomas Blount][recusant], 1670, p.600 - entry for 'Soul-mass-Cakes' - couplet in Lancashire (& Herefordshire) - Subscription required for Chadwyck-Healey: Early English Books Online]
049 * History of the County Palatine and Duchy of Lancaster [by Edward Baines, 1836, Vol.III p.124fn - 'Eccles Parish' - "Soul Mass Cakes" couplet, now no longer exists here]
050 * History of the County Palatine and Duchy of Lancaster [by Edward Baines, 1836, Vol.IV pp.435-436 - 'Poulton-in-the-Fylde Parish' - psalm-caking at Great Marton; citation of Vol.III p.124fn]
051 * History of the Fylde of Lancashire [by John Porter, 1876, pp.(106 - chapbook fragment;) 107 - Soul-pence at Marton [township][Great Marton], in late years]
052 * Lancashire Folk-Lore: [comps. & eds. by John Harland & T.T. Wilkinson, 1867, pp.254-256 - 'Christmas Customs in the Fylde' - extract from History of Blackpool, by William Thornber [Incumbent [Perpetual Curate] of Blackpool][! born at Poulton-le-Fylde], 1837 , pp.88-92 - (Christmas "Mutes";) saumas cake; both at Poulton-le-Fylde, about eighty years ago]
053 * Lancashire Legends, Traditions, Pageants, Sports, & c. [by John Harland & T.T. Wilkinson, 1873, p.127 - 'Eccles Wakes and Eccles Cakes' [- extract from History of the County Palatine and Duchy of Lancaster, by Edward Baines, 1836, Vol.III p.124fn]]
054 * Medii Aevi Kalendarium [by R.T. Hampson, 1841, Vol.I p.375 [- extract from History of the County Palatine and Duchy of Lancaster, by Edward Baines, 1836, Vol.IV pp.435-436]]

North Yorkshire

055 * A History of Whitby, and Streoneshalh Abbey; [by Rev George Young [Associate Synod Minister of Whitby], 1817, Vol.II p.882 - "soul mass loaves"]
056 * Customs [by Riponeinsis [pseud], in Gentleman's Magazine: & Historical Chronicle, Vol.LX Pt.2:Aug, Jul.-Dec. 1790, p.719 - "cake-night" at Ripon, some few years ago]

Shropshire

057 * A Catalogue of the Harleian Collection of Manuscripts, ; and preserved in the British Museum [by [Humphrey Wanley et al.][Librarian to 1st and 2nd Earl of Oxford], 1759 & 1763 - 'Preface + Index', Vol.II - 'Ms. 2131' - No.24 - Subscription required for Gale: Eighteenth Century Collections Online]
058 * A Catalogue of the Harleian Manuscripts in the British Museum [et al. revised and corrected, [by Rev R. Nares [late Under Librarian / Keeper of the Manuscripts] & Francis Douce [Under Librarian / Keeper of the Manuscripts]] [1808 & 1812 - 'Indexes', Vol.II p.522 - 'Ms. 2131' - No.24]
059 * A Catalogue of the Lansdowne Manuscripts in the British Museum [Revised and corrected, [by Francis Douce [late Keeper of the Manuscripts] & Henry Ellis [Keeper of the Manuscripts]] [1819, Pt.II p.85 - 'Ms. 231 [re-numbered]' - No.3 - manuscript for Remains of Gentilism and Judaism, by John Aubrey]
060 * A History of Shrewsbury [by [[Rev] H. Owen [Perpetual Curate of St Julian's, Shrewsbury] & [Rev] J.B. Blakeway [Perpetual Curate of St Mary's, Shrewsbury]], 1825, Vol.II p.268 - "soul-cakes", within memory]
061 * A History of Tong, Shropshire, [2nd edition of A Guide to Tong Church, Shropshire, with additions, only ?] [by George Griffiths, 1894, p.152 - souling]
062 * Bibliotheca Manuscripta Lansdowniana [by [G.] Leigh & S. Sotheby, [1807], Vol.II p.55 - 'Ms. 226 [not Bishop [White] Kennett Papers]' - No.3 - manuscript for Remains of Gentilism and Judaism, by John Aubrey]
063 * Cheshire Soulers and Souling [by A. R. [Askew Roberts], in Cheshire Sheaf,, Vol.II, 1883, pp.198-199 - after revision and correction, as Courant [Chester], 1st Dec. 1880 - at Oswestry - extract from article, in Bye-Gones Relating to Wales and the Border Counties - as Oswestry Advertiser, 11th Dec. 1872; (Children's Rhymes on New-Year's Morn, by Rev Elias Owen, in Collections Historical & Archaeological Relating to Montgomeryshire, and its Borders, Vol.XI, 1878, pp.155-158)]
064 * Circle of the Seasons, and Perpetual Key to the Calendar and Almanack; [by [Thomas Forster], 1828, p.318 - 'Nov. 13' - Bridgnorth song - informed by [?]]
065 * Continuation of Extracts from Notes and Queries [in Salopian Shreds and Patches, Vol.II, 1876-77, p.68 - as Eddowes's Shrewsbury Journal, 2nd Aug. 1876 - as Souling, by [Rev] W. Fraser [Curate of Hordley]]
066 * Curious Custom in Shropshire, at All-hallowtide [by P., in Salopian Shreds and Patches, Vol.I, 1874-75, p.91 - as Eddowes's Shrewsbury Journal, 31st Mar. 1875 - still kept up? - informed by an old person [via Aubrey]]
067 * Curious Custom in Shropshire, at All-hallowtide [by Proud Salopian [pseud], in Salopian Shreds and Patches, Vol.I, 1874-75, p.167 - as Eddowes's Shrewsbury Journal, 27th Oct. 1875 - seems to have died away - extract from A History of Shrewsbury, by [[Rev] H. Owen [Perpetual Curate of St Julian's, Shrewsbury] & [Rev] J.B. Blakeway [Perpetual Curate of St Mary's, Shrewsbury]], 1825, Vol.II p.268; extract from The History and Description of the County of Salop, [2nd edition], by Hulbert, 1838, p.30]
068 * English Folk-Rhymes [by G.F. Northall, 1892, pp.218-221 - extract from Shropshire Folk-Lore, by Burne, 1883, pp.382-385, 388; (221-222 - extract from Customs, Legends, and Superstitions of Staffordshire, by C.H. Poole, n.d., p.35; 222 - [unlocated] near Tamworth & Aston songs; 224 - extract from Local Notes and Queries : St Clement's Day, by John Desborough, in Birmingham Weekly Post, Vol.XXII No.1141, 13th Sep. 1879, p.1a - citation of Vol.XXII No.1136, 9th Aug. 1879, p.1a; extract from Brand; Alrewas ditty, till very recently)]
069 * Esgobaeth Llanelwy : A History of the Diocese of St Asaph, General, Cathedral, and Parochial [by Rev D.R. Thomas, [1870-]1874, [Vol.II] pp.(553 - 'The Deanery of Llanwrst : Llanfihangel Glyn Myfyr' - "Bwyd Cennad y Meirw";) 675 - 'The Deanery of Oswestry : Whittington' - "Souling", until a comparatively modern period]
070 * Hallow E'en at Oswestry [by A. R. [Askew Roberts], in Notes and Queries, 4th Ser. Vol.X No.256, 23rd Nov. 1872, p.409 - Oswestry song]
071 * Hallow E'en at Oswestry [by A. R. [Askew Roberts], in Notes and Queries, 4th Ser. Vol.X No.261, 28th Dec. 1872, p.525 - extract from article, in Oswestry Advertiser, [11th Dec. 1872]]
072 * Liber Festivalis][as a Group B Ms.] [by [John Mirk][Canon of Lilleshall Abbey], 1483, img.112 - 'Commemoracio Animarum' - bread dole - Subscription required for Chadwyck-Healey: Early English Books Online]
073 * Memoirs of the Ancient Earls of Warren and Surrey, and their Descendants to the Present Time [by Rev John Watson, 1782, Vol.I p.217 - paraphrasing British Library Harley Ms. 2131 - soul-cakes at [Ightfield Hall], Ightfield, 1484]
074 * Memorials of Old Shropshire [ed. by [Rev] Thomas Auden, 1906, pp.(139-140;) 140-141 - 'Folk-Lore: Legends and Old Customs', by Charlotte S. Burne - (Guisers;) soulers]
075 * Notes on the Church, Castle, and Parish of Shrawardine [by Rev John Ernest Auden [Curate of Shrawardine][nephew of Rev Thomas Auden][incidentally, uncle of W.H. Auden], in Transactions of the Shropshire Archaeological and Natural History Society, 2nd Ser. Vol.VII, 1895, p.151 - "Souling" for "Soul cakes", died out now]
076 * Old Shropshire Life [by Lady Catherine Milnes Gaskell, 1904, pp.227-240, 216-217 - 'The Return of Joy' - Brockton, Easthope, Weston, Bourton, Callaughton, Much Wenlock & Munslow seen at Shipton Hall, Shipton - Literary Work]
077 * Parochial History of Llanymynech [by John Fewtrell, in Collections Historical & Archaeological Relating to Montgomeryshire, and its Borders, Vol.XII, 1879, p.385 - song]
078 * Precious Bane [by Mary Webb, 1924, pp.204-205 - Literary Work]
079 * Remaines of Gentilisme and Judaisme [- as British Library Lansdowne Ms. 231] [by John Aubrey, ed. by James Britten, 1881, p.23 - 'Soule-cakes']
080 * Seven for a Secret [by Mary Webb, 1922, p.127 - Literary Work]
081 * Shropshire Folk Lore [by Alnus [pseud], in Salopian Shreds and Patches, Vol.X, 1891, p.156 - as Eddowes's Shrewsbury Journal, 28th Oct. 1891 - "souling" still linger?; (Mummers' Play known?; in South Derbyshire, still)]
082 * Soul Cakes [by A.J. M. [Arthur Joseph Munby], in Notes & Queries, 5th Ser. Vol.X No.257, 30th Nov. 1878, p.426 - (souling at Chester;) "soul cakes" at Church Pulverbatch, before 1853 - informed of both by a lady [Georgina F. Jackson] - see also Shropshire Folk-Lore, pp.381-382]
083 * Souling [by [Rev] W. Fraser [Curate of Hordley], in Notes and Queries, [1st Ser.] Vol.IV No.107, 15th Nov. 1851, p.381 - [Hordley] song - see also Shropshire Folk-Lore, p.383fn1]
084 * The Folk Lore Congress [in Salopian Shreds and Patches, Vol.X, 1891, pp.153-154 - as Eddowes's Shrewsbury Journal, 21st Oct. 1891 - soul-cakes for afternoon tea]
085 * The Golden Arrow [by Mary Webb, 1916, Chapter 41 - soul cake couplet - Literary Work]
086 * The History and Antiquities of Shrewsbury, [2nd edition, enlarged] [by the late Thomas Phillips [ - in fact, by James Bowen], 1837, Vol.II : The History and Description of the County of Salop, [1st edition], by Charles Hulbert [lived at Providence Grove, Hadnall] p.99 - 'Customs of the County of Salop' - soul caking ditty, still kept up]
087 * The Price of Corn, 1783 [by J. T., in Salopian Shreds and Patches, Vol.9, 1889-90, p.12, 242 - as Eddowes's Shrewsbury Journal, 30th Jan. 1889 - extract from [John] Tarbuck's diary () - "celebrate All-hallow's with soul-cakes"]

South Yorkshire

088 * A Glossary of Words used in the Neighbourhood of Sheffield [by Sidney Oldall Addy, 1888, pp.35, lxxx - entry for 'Caking Day' - extract from manuscript for The Hallamshire Glossary [2nd edition only][unpublished][British Library Add. Ms. 24539], by Rev Joseph Hunter; (citation of Medii Aevi Kalendarium, by R.T. Hampson, 1841, Vol.I pp.374-375)]
089 * Smithy Rhymes and Stithy Chimes; [by Joseph Senior [born at Crookes], 1882, pp.37, 46, 48, v - 'The Yule Clog' - "somas cakes", "cakein' days" on St Thomas' Day - Literary Work]
090 * The Hallamshire Glossary [Parishes of Sheffield, Ecclesfield, Hansworth, Treeton, and Whiston, and Chapelry of Bradfield] [by Rev Joseph Hunter, 1829, pp.(67 - entry for 'Mummers';) 83, xx - entry for 'Somas-Cake' - on All Souls Day - (paraphrasing Memoirs of the Ancient Earls of Warren and Surrey, and their Descendants to the Present Time, by Rev John Watson, 1782, Vol.I p.217)]

Staffordshire

091 * A History of the Ancient Parish of Leek, in Staffordshire [by John Sleigh, 1862, pp.138 - Souling song; (139 - Plough Monday)]
092 * A History of the County of Stafford. Vol.07 [ed. by M.W. Greenslade, 1996, pp.146 - 'Leek : Leek and Lowe : Social and Cultural Activities', by N.J. Tringham - citation of A History of the Ancient Parish of Leek, [2nd edition], by John Sleigh, [1883], pp.217-218; 223-229 - 'Rushton Spencer' - citation of An Account of the Ancient Chapel of Rushton, by Norwood, 1856, p.16; Souling, Clementing, and Catterning : (Three November Customs of the Western Midlands), by Charlotte S. Burne, in North Staffordshire Field Club : Annual Report and Transactions, Vol.XLIX, 1914-1915, pp.117-131 - as below, but members at the 24th Nov. 1914 Stone meeting at which paper read added - at Barlaston, Endon, Leek, Scothay, Talke, Tiffenson & Weston-upon-Trent]
093 * All Souls' Day Ditty [by Celer et Audax [Lieut Henry Adam Frederick Fergusson Coventry], in Notes and Queries, 9th Ser. Vol.III No.69, 22nd Apr. 1899, p.316 - just a correction for [Killinghall ?] song]
094 * All Souls' Day Ditty [by Celer et Audax [Lieut Henry Adam Frederick Fergusson Coventry], in Notes and Queries, 9th Ser. Vol.III No.60, 18th Feb. 1899, p.126 - extract from Varia, by Peter Lombard [Canon Benham], in Church Times, Vol.XL No.1866, 28th Oct. 1898, p.496c - Weston-upon-Trent song]
095 * Ancient and Modern History of the Borough of Walsall: [comp. by [J. J.], 1838, p.15 - "Clement's Accompt" - apples and nuts scramble rather than hot pennies!]
096 * Brown Edge [Peter Turner - souling song; (guizing song)]
097 * Clemening" in Staffordshire [in Illustrated London News, Vol.XXXI No.0895 [Christmas Supplement], 26th Dec. 1857, pp.650; 649 - as N&Q; with illustration of Mere Farm, Enville, by Cuthbert Bede [Rev Edward Bradley][Perpetual Curate of Bobbington]]
098 * Clementing," in Staffordshire and Worcestershire [by Cuthbert Bede [Rev Edward Bradley][Perpetual Curate of Bobbington][wife to be born at Wolverley], in Notes and Queries, 2nd Ser. Vol.IV No.103, 19th Dec. 1857, pp.495-496 - [Enville seen at Bobbington] song; (Wolverley song; extract from Notes and Queries for Worcestershire, by John Noake, 1856, p.216)]
099 * English Folk-Rhymes [by G.F. Northall, 1892, pp.(218-221 - extract from Shropshire Folk-Lore, by Burne, 1883, pp.382-385, 388;) 221-222 - extract from Customs, Legends, and Superstitions of Staffordshire, by C.H. Poole, n.d., p.35; 222 - [unlocated] near Tamworth (& Aston) songs; 224 - extract from Local Notes and Queries : St Clement's Day, by John Desborough, in Birmingham Weekly Post, Vol.XXII No.1141, 13th Sep. 1879, p.1a - citation of Vol.XXII No.1136, 9th Aug. 1879, p.1a; (extract from Brand;) Alrewas ditty, till very recently]
100 * Guisers' Play, Songs, and Rhymes from Staffordshire [by Charlotte S. Burne, in Folk-Lore Journal, Vol.IV No.4, Oct? 1886, pp.(350-357 - Eccleshall text; citation of Shropshire Folk-Lore, p.483;) 357-358 - 'Souling Songs' - Eccleshall & Keele songs; citation of Shropshire Folk-Lore, pp.381-388]
101 * History and Antiquities of the Town and Neighbourhood of Uttoxeter, [2nd edition, revised and with considerable additions, only] [by Francis Redfern, 1886, pp.355-356 - Gratwich song heard at Field; at Uttoxeter; geesers or guisers at Gratton, Horton; (citation of Pictorial Calendar of the Seasons, by Mrs Howitt)]
102 * Lectures, Verses, Speeches, Reminiscences, & c. [by William Challinor, 1891, p.34 - as A Few Gleanings Connected with the "History of Leek" [by John Sleigh], in Staffordshire Sentinel, 26th Mar. 1864 - "Soul caking", (Plough Monday, no longer, guisers at Christmas, now)]
103 * Lichfield [History of the Diocese] [by William Beresford [born at Bosley][Vicar of St Luke's, Leek], n.d., p.225fn - ("Old Hob"; acting "soulers";) soul-cake begging in (East Cheshire &) Staffordshire]
104 * Links with the Past [by Mrs Charles Bagot [Sophy Louisa Bagot][wife of grandson of 6th Baronet / 1st Baron], 1901, pp.189-190, 157-159 - extract from journal, by Miss Mary Bagot [daughter of Rector of Blithfield][niece of 6th Baronet / 1st Baron] - All Soul's Eve; Morrice-dancers; Abbots Bromley horn dance; (Rugeley seen at Blithfield [Hall, Admaston])]
105 * Miscellaneous Communications [by Otiosus [pseud], in Monthly Repository, Vol.XII No.CXXXVI, Apr. 1817, pp.209-210 - extract from The Conformity between Modern and Ancient Ceremonies,, 1745, p.xx; "Soul-Cakes" still extant?]
106 * Miscellaneous Communications [by Anti-Imposition [pseud], in Monthly Repository, Vol.XII No.CXL, Aug. 1817, p.471 - song in Staffordshire, about thirty-seven years ago; at [unlocated], fourteen or fifteen years ago - informed by his female friend [Anon]]
107 * Mummers [by J. G. [Julia Goddard], in Antiquarian Magazine & Bibliographer, Vol.III No.14, [Feb.] 1883, pp.105-106 + No.17, [May], pp.275-276 - (at Little Aston;) Little Aston song]
108 * New Memoirs of the Life and Poetical Works of Mr John Milton [by [Rev] Francis Peck, 1740, p.225 - Subscription required for Gale: Eighteenth Century Collections Online]
109 * Observations on the Popular Antiquities of Great Britain: [New edition, with further additions, [by James Orchard Halliwell,] only] [by John Brand, rev. by Sir Henry Ellis, 1849, Vol.I pp.393 - 'Allhallow Even' - [unlocated] Staffordshire song; (citation of pp.412-414; extract from A History of Whitby,, by Young; 394fn - extract from The Hallamshire Glossary, by Hunter)]
110 * Recommended to Mercy [in Aberdare Times: ..., No.772, 18th Dec. 1875, p.3e - "Souling Day" at Brown Edge]
111 * Some Account of Colton and of the De Wasteneys Family [2nd edition only ?] [by [Frederick Perrot Parker] Rector of Colton, 1897, p.183 - "souling", recently survived]
112 * Soul Cakes [by W. M., in Salopian Shreds and Patches, Vol.III, 1878-79, p.140 - as Eddowes's Shrewsbury Journal, 12th Feb. 1879 - north Staffordshire ditty]
113 * Soul-Caking" [by F. Adams, in Notes and Queries, 8th Ser. Vol.IV No.84, 5th Aug. 1893, p.117 - extract from Popular Antiquities, by Brand, 1849, Vol.I p.393]
114 * St. Clement's Apple Feast in Staffordshire [by G.E.T.S.R. N., in Notes and Queries, [1st Ser.] Vol.VIII No.217, 24th Dec. 1853, p.618 - [Lapley ?] song]
115 * St. Clement's Day [by F.C. H. [F.C. Husenbeth], in Notes and Queries, 3rd Ser. Vol.IV No.103, 19th Dec. 1863, p.492 - [Sedgley Park, Sedgley ?] song, fifty years ago]
116 * Staffordshire Knots : The Book of the Bazaar [Stoke=on-Trent Church Day Schools] [by Book Committee, [1895], pp.79 - 'Folk-Lore', by Alice Annie Keary [incidentally, sister of Charles Francis Keary and niece of Annie Keary] (- as Proposals for collecting and recording the Folk-Lore of Staffordshire, by Alice Annie Keary and Charlotte Sophia Burne, 1892 - list of topics - Traditional Stories e.g.;) 89-90 - Trentham "souling song", 1895]
117 * Staffordshire Superstitions [by Dorothea Townshend [daughter of Perpetual Curate of Hilderstone], in Folk-Lore, Vol.VIII No.1, Mar. 1897, p.70 - "going souling" song; (guisers;) both at Hilderstone, forty years ago]
118 * Survey of English Dialects (SED) [Audio of F. Johnson - Edingale Clementsing ditty]
119 * Survey of English Dialects (SED) Incidental Material [Ref. 12St5; 12St9] [Ellenhall ditty; Edingdale [sic] Clementsing ditty]
120 * Swythamley and Its Neighbourhood [Heaton]. Past and Present [by hebrew [Philip Lancaster Brocklehurst][1st Baronet to be], 1874, p.11 - "souling" ditty, kept up - Subscription required for British Library 19th Century Collection]
121 * The Customs, Superstitions and Legends of the County of Stafford, [by Charles Henry Poole, [1883?], pp.(15-16 - 'Plough Monday' - "plough boys" at village [unlocated], still;) 34-35 - 'All Saints' Day' - extract from article, by G.T. Lawley [Editor], in Bilston Mercury - song]
122 * The Folklore of Staffordshire [by C.S. Burne, in Journal of the British Archaeological Association, New Ser. Vol.II, 1896, pp.31-32 - ("Guisers" at Eccleshall, at Cheadle & about Rugeley;) "souling" in north Staffordshire, but "Clementing" in south Staffordshire; (Plough Monday at some villages on the Trent [unlocated] near Burton)]
123 * The Parish and the Priest: Colloquies on [by [Francis Edward Paget ??][Rector of Elford], 1858, pp.6-9 - Fisherford [Elford] "Clementsing" ditty]
124 * The Plays of William Shakspeare. To which are added notes by Samuel Johnson and George Steevens [2nd edition, revised and augmented, only] [by William Shakespeare, 1778, Vol.I, p.142fn - 'Two Gentlemen of Verona' - note by George Tollet - "a souling" at [Betley Hall, Betley ?]; citation of New Memoirs of the Life and Poetical Works of Mr John Milton, by Francis Peck, 1740, p.225 - Subscription required for Gale: Eighteenth Century Collections Online]
125 * The Staffordshire Village Book [extract from comp. Staffordshire Federation of Women's Institutes, 198? - 'Alton' - ditty, not for the last 50 years]

Sussex !

126 * A Dictionary of the Sussex Dialect [by Rev W.D. Parish [Vicar of Selmeston], 1875, p.25 - entry for 'Catterning' - ditty]

Wales

127 * Antiquities of Llangollen Parish [Continued] [by Gwynedd [William Jones ?], in Llangollen Advertiser and North Wales Journal, Vol.XL No.2123, 2nd Feb. 1900, p.3ab - "Bwyd Cenedl y Meirw"]
128 * Carmarthenshire Gleanings (Kidwelly) [by Rev Gruffydd Evans [was Vicar of Kidwelly], in Y Cymmrodor, Vol.XXV, 1915, pp.113-114]
129 * Carmarthenshire Gleanings (Kidwelly) [by Rev Gruffydd Evans [was Vicar of Kidwelly], in Y Cymmrodor, Vol.XXV, 1915, pp.113-114 - "souling" in parts of Teifi Valley; paraphrasing Welsh Ecclesiastical Terms : [I], by Rev John Fisher, in St David's College and School Magazine, New Ser. No.2, Mar. 1889, pp.92-93 - "a-souling" [- itself paraphrasing Old Stone Crosses of the Vale of Clwyd and Neighbouring Parishes,, by Rev Elias Owen [Rector of Efenechtyd], [1886], p.98]]
130 * Children's Rhymes on New-Year's Morn [by Rev Elias Owen [was Curate of Llanwnog], in Collections Historical & Archaeological Relating to Montgomeryshire, and its Borders, Vol.XI, 1878, pp.155-158 - Caersws song - he had forgotten it but his children remembered!]
131 * Ernest Helme and the 1924 Gower Pageant [by Robert Lucas, in Gower, Vol.XLVIII, 1997, pp.71, 73 - Llanmadoc song]
132 * Esgobaeth Llanelwy : A History of the Diocese of St Asaph, General, Cathedral, and Parochial [by Rev D.R. Thomas, [1870-]1874, [Vol.II] pp.553 - 'The Deanery of Llanwrst : Llanfihangel Glyn Myfyr' - "Bwyd Cennad y Meirw"; (675 - 'The Deanery of Oswestry : Whittington' - "Souling", until a comparatively modern period)]
133 * Manners and Customs of the People of Tenby in the Eighteenth Century [by L.P. Barnaschone, in Cambrian Journal, Vol.IV, 1857, pp.185 - "souling" or "sowling"; (193-195 - text)]
134 * Mick Tems Archive [song in Gower Peninsula]
135 * New Year's Day Custom [by W. Williams, in Notes and Queries, 5th Ser. Vol.IX No.212, 19th Jan. 1878, p.46 - Pontypridd [Calennig] song]
136 * Notes on Men & Things [in Cambrian and Weekly General Advertiser for Swansea ..., No.5535, 6th Dec. 1907, p.4b - extract from article, in Gower Church Magazine - "a-souling" at Pennard, in bye-gone days]
137 * Observations on Popular Antiquities: [with additions] [by John Brand, rev. by Henry Ellis [Keeper of the Manuscripts in the British Museum], 1813, Vol.I pp.307-309 - 'Allhallow Even' - fnS - "Soul Cakes" - informed by [Thomas] Pennant]
138 * Old Stone Crosses of the Vale of Clwyd and Neighbouring Parishes, together with some account of the Ancient Manners and Customs and Legendary Lore connected with the parishes [by Rev Elias Owen [Rector of Efenechtyd], [1886], p.98 - 'Llanasa' - "Bwyd Cenad y Meirw" at Clocaenog [- informed by Robert Roberts ?]; also many parishes in Denbighshire and Merionethshire]
139 * Overton : In Days Gone By [by George John Howson [Rector of Overton], 1883, pp.55-56 - Overton [in English Maelor] "souling" song [long book]]
140 * The Englishry" of Pembrokeshire and its Dialect [by Thomas Purnell, in Cambrian Journal, [New Ser. Vol.II], 1859, p.306 - "souling"]
141 * The Funeral Customs of Wales [by W.R. H., in Red Dragon, Vol.VI No.[5], [May] 1884, p.437 - "bwyd cenad y meirw" at Bala, within the memory of middle-aged people]

Warwickshire

142 * A Study in the Warwickshire Dialect with a Glossary [3rd edition only ?][with considerable excision and augmentation] [by Appleton Morgan, 1899, p.318 - entry for 'Clementing']
143 * English Folk-Rhymes [by G.F. Northall, 1892, pp.(218-221 - extract from Shropshire Folk-Lore, by Burne, 1883, pp.382-385, 388; 221-222 - extract from Customs, Legends, and Superstitions of Staffordshire, by C.H. Poole, n.d., p.35;) 222 - ([unlocated] near Tamworth &) Aston songs; (224 - extract from Local Notes and Queries : St Clement's Day, by John Desborough, in Birmingham Weekly Post, Vol.XXII No.1141, 13th Sep. 1879, p.1a - citation of Vol.XXII No.1136, 9th Aug. 1879, p.1a; extract from Brand; Alrewas ditty, till very recently)]

Worcestershire

144 * Clementing," in Staffordshire and Worcestershire [by Cuthbert Bede [Rev Edward Bradley][Perpetual Curate of Bobbington][wife to be born at Wolverley], in Notes and Queries, 2nd Ser. Vol.IV No.103, 19th Dec. 1857, pp.495-496 - ([Enville seen at Bobbington] song;) Wolverley song; extract from Notes and Queries for Worcestershire, by John Noake, 1856, p.216]
145 * Folk-Lore : "Catherning" in Worcestershire [by W. L., in Athenaeum, No.992, 31st Oct. 1846, p.1117 - [unlocated] Worcestershire "a Cattaring" song, nearly extinct]
146 * Folk-Lore : Worcestershire Folk-Lore - Catherning and Clementing [by Jabez Allies, in Athenaeum, No.1001, 2nd Jan. 1847, p.18 - Droitwich Spa "Catoning and Clememing" song, till within the last twenty years - informed by a gentleman [Anon]]
147 * Notes and Queries for Worcestershire [by John Noake, 1856, pp.215-216 - 'Old Customs : St. Catharine's Day' - at Leigh, Harvington & Offenham]
148 * Observations on the Popular Antiquities of Great Britain: [New edition, with further additions, [by James Orchard Halliwell,] only] [by John Brand, rev. by Sir Henry Ellis, 1849, Vol.I pp.412-414 - 'St. Catharine's Day' - extract from Folk-Lore : "Catherning" in Worcestershire, by W. L., in Athenaeum, No.992, 31st Oct. 1846, p.1117; [unlocated] Worcestershire song - informed by George Stephens [- extract from Popular Rhymes and Nursery Tales:, by James Orchard Halliwell, 1849, p.238]; extract from Folk-Lore : Worcestershire Folk-Lore - Catherning and Clementing, by Jabez Allies, in Athenaeum, No.1001, 2nd Jan. 1847, p.18; ([unlocated] Cheshire song)]
149 * Popular Rhymes and Nursery Tales: A sequel to the Nursery Rhymes of England [by James Orchard Halliwell, 1849, pp.238, x - 'Catherning' - [unlocated] song [- informed by George Stephens]]
150 * Proceedings of the Annual Meeting held at Worcester [in Journal of the British Archaeological Association, Vol.IV, 1849, p.307 - 'August 15 : Evening Meeting' - Catherning paper read by Mr [F.W.] Fairholt on behalf of Mr [J.O.] Halliwell]
151 * St. Clement's and St. Thomas's Day [by T. Goldseer, in Notes and Queries, [1st Ser.] Vol.V No.130, 24th Apr. 1852, p.393 - at [unlocated]]

[General]

152 * A Motive to Good Workes [by Phillip Stubbes, 1593, p.124 - Papists' pretenced good worke of giving soule-cakes - Subscription required for Chadwyck-Healey: Early English Books Online]
153 * Clavis Calendaria; [by John Brady, 1812, Vol.II, p.229 [- paraphrasing Brand]]
154 * De Inventoribus Rerum [Eight Books edition only] [by Polydore Vergil [born at Urbino][Archdeacon of Wells], 1521/1590, pp.520-521 - 'Book VI']
155 * Mummers [by Joseph Smith Jun, in Antiquarian Magazine & Bibliographer, Vol.III No.18, [Jun.] 1883, pp.322-323]
156 * Mummers [by P.J. Mullin, in Antiquarian Magazine & Bibliographer, Vol.IV No.24, [Dec.] 1883, pp.330-331 - [extract from Timbs]]
157 * Nummits and Crummits [by Sarah Hewett, 1900, pp.214-215, vi - 'Children's Song for All Souls' Day']
158 * Observations on Popular Antiquities: [with additions] [by John Brand, rev. by Henry Ellis [Keeper of the Manuscripts in the British Museum], 1813, Vol.I pp.309-310 - 'Allhallow Even' - fnU - extract from Festa Anglo-Romana, p.109; (citation of [Customs], by Riponeinsis [pseud], in Gentleman's Magazine: & Historical Chronicle, Vol.LX Pt.2:Aug, Jul.-Dec. 1790, p.719; extract from The Plays of William Shakspeare. To which are added notes by Samuel Johnson and George Steevens - 'Two Gentlemen of Verona' - note by George Tollet; note by rev. - extract from British Library Lansdowne Ms. 226 [now 231])]
159 * Something for Everybody; and A Garland for the Year [2nd edition, revised and corrected, only ?] [by John Timbs, 1866, pp.115-116 - 'All Souls' Day' - paraphrasing; (130-131 - 'Christmas Eve' - paraphrasing; 145-146 - 'Christmas Customs' - paraphrasing)]
160 * Soul Cakes [by Mackenzie E.C. Walcott, in Salopian Shreds and Patches, Vol.III, 1878-79, p.143 - as Eddowes's Shrewsbury Journal, 19th Feb. 1879 - extract from [De Inventoribus Rerum], by Polydore Vergil, 15??, p.520 - 'Book VI']
161 * Soul Cakes [by Boileau [pseud], in Salopian Shreds and Patches, Vol.III, 1878-79, p.137 - as Eddowes's Shrewsbury Journal, 5th Feb. 1879 - (extract from Observations on Popular Antiquities: [with additions], by Brand, Vol.I p.310)]
162 * Soul-Caking" [by Everard Home Coleman, in Notes and Queries, 8th Ser. Vol.IV No.84, 5th Aug. 1893, p.117 - citation of (Notes and Queries, 5th Ser. Vol.X No.257, 30th Nov. 1878, p.426;) Something for Everybody; [2nd edition], by John Timbs, 1866, p.115; Clavis Calendaria;, by John Brady, 1812, Vol.II p.229]
163 * Souling, Clementing, and Catterning: Three November Customs of the Western Midlands [by Charlotte S. Burne, in Folk-Lore, Vol.XXV No.3, Sep. 1914, pp.285-299 - souling in Cheshire, north Shropshire, north Staffordshire; clementing in south Staffordshire; catterning in north Worcestershire; (citation of History of the Fylde of Lancashire, by John Porter, 1876, p.107)]
164 * The Conformity between Modern and Ancient Ceremonies: [by [Pierre Mussard], 1667, trans. by [Rev William Webster ?], 1745, p.xx - 'The Translator's Preface' - "Soul Cakes" in Midland counties - Subscription required for Gale: Eighteenth Century Collections Online]
165 * The English Dialect Dictionary [ed. by Joseph Wright, Vol.I, 1898, p.488b - entry for 'Caking' - extract from Two Collections of Derbicisms, by Samuel Pegge [Rector of Whittington], eds. by Rev Prof Skeat & Thomas Hallam, 1896 / entry for 'Caking-day' - extract from Smithy Rhymes, by Senoir, 1882, p.46; citation of article, in Leeds Mercury Supplement, 30th Jan. 1892; extract from A Glossary of Words used in the Neighbourhood of Sheffield, by Sidney Oldall Addy, 1888]

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